Social Security COLA: What to Expect in 2024

The Social Security program in the United States plays a crucial role in providing financial support to millions of retired and disabled individuals. Each year, the program undergoes adjustments to account for changes in the cost of living, ensuring that beneficiaries receive adequate benefits.

Understanding Social Security and COLA

Social Security is a federal program that provides benefits to retired and disabled individuals. The program also provides benefits to survivors of deceased workers. One of the key components of Social Security is the Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA). The Cost-of-Living Adjustment is an annual increase in Social Security benefits designed to help beneficiaries keep pace with inflation and maintain their standard of living.

The COLA for Social Security recipients is calculated using the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). This index measures changes in prices for goods and services purchased by urban wage earners and clerical workers. The COLA is based on the percentage increase in the CPI-W from one year to the next.

Calculating COLA

The calculation of COLA involves comparing the average CPI-W from the third quarter of the current year with the average CPI-W from the third quarter of the previous year. If there is an increase in the CPI-W, Social Security benefits are adjusted accordingly. However, if there is no increase or a decrease, benefits remain the same as in the previous year.

Factors Influencing COLA

Several factors can affect the size of the COLA. Some of the key factors include changes in the prices of essential goods and services, healthcare costs, housing expenses, transportation costs, and energy prices. The Bureau of Labor Statistics tracks and analyzes these factors to determine the CPI-W, which, in turn, influences the COLA adjustment.

Changes to COLA in 2024

According to The Senior Citizens League, a non-profit advocacy group, Social Security recipients could receive a 2.7% cost-of-living adjustment in 2024 based on current consumer price index data. This would be lower than what was expected under CPI-W, but still higher than what was received in 2020 when there was no COLA at all due to low inflation rates.

It is important to note that these estimates are just that - estimates - and may change depending on future economic conditions. It is also important to remember that any increase in Social Security payments due to COLA will not take effect until December 2024 at the earliest.

New Payments

At the time of writing this blog, the specific COLA adjustment for 2024 has not been announced. The Social Security Administration typically releases this information in October of the preceding year. However, it is important to note that COLA adjustments have varied over the years depending on the economic conditions and fluctuations in the CPI-W.

Historical COLA Adjustments

Over the past decade, COLA adjustments have ranged from no increase in some years to as high as 2.8% in 2019. In recent years, beneficiaries have experienced relatively modest COLA adjustments due to relatively low inflation rates. However, it is crucial to remember that even a small increase can make a significant difference in the long term, especially for retirees who rely heavily on Social Security benefits.

The Impact on Social Security Recipients

For Social Security recipients, the COLA adjustment directly affects their monthly benefit amounts. An increase in COLA translates to higher benefit payments, while no adjustment or a decrease may result in the continuation of the current benefit amount. These adjustments are important for recipients to maintain their purchasing power and adapt to changes in the cost of living.

Additional Considerations

It is worth noting that COLA adjustments do not only impact Social Security retirement benefits but also apply to other programs such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and veterans' benefits. These adjustments are intended to provide recipients with a fair and equitable increase in their benefits, ensuring their financial well-being in the face of rising costs.


The Cost-of-Living Adjustment is a vital component of the Social Security program, helping beneficiaries keep up with the ever-changing cost of living. By considering factors such as the CPI-W, the Social Security Administration calculates annual adjustments to ensure the purchasing power of recipients is maintained. While the specific COLA adjustment for 2024 is yet to be determined, it is a crucial aspect to watch for those who rely on Social Security benefits. These adjustments play a significant role in providing financial stability and ensuring that recipients can meet their essential needs in an ever-evolving economic landscape.

For legal guidance regarding Social Security contact the Law Offices of Wax & Wax.